The convict cichlid also is known as Amatitlania nigrofasciata is a fish species of the Cichlidae family, originally from Central America, also known as the cichlid of the zebra. : Here's a closer view of the female Convict carefully watching over her babies on the rock. This cichlid can get to be about 4 inches (10 cm) and should do fine in a 20 gallon (78 liters) or larger aquarium. But on topic, I think the tiger barbs would live a pretty stressfull life with the convicts. I then looked up the authors and discovered that they regularly use cichlids in their research. It will mostly be found in larger streams and rivers, sheltering itself near rocks and sunken branches. Lifespan The Polar Parrot Cichlids have a fairly long lifespan. The bare minimum you should use is a good quality hanging on the back. Sometimes, they were even known to dig the substrate out and create a lot of mess! Besides the meat, blanched vegetables such as lettuce, broccoli and carrots can be fed to them. While many species will not breed in home aquariums, the exception is Convicts. With an average lifespan of around 8 to 10 years, this is a fish that will stand the test of time given the right care and conditions. They are also known as the Cichlid Zebra. Gender : Males may be larger than females of the same age. They will spend most of their time in caves and plant matter, close to their territory. Body size is from 8 cm (3 in) to 12 centimeters (4.7 in). Privacy Policy | SiteMap | Aquarium Dictionary | Affiliate Disclosure | Contact Us. Brood care in the wild for eggs, larvae and free-swimming juveniles can last from 4 to 6 weeks and only occurs once per season for most females. In general, they don’t make a good choice for a community tank. The pair recognizes each other in the darkness and detects predators using their sense of smell. Today it is considered an invasive species in North America, and has also been recorded in other areas around the world. They should only be placed in a tank with other convicts generally for beginners because of their aggressive and territorial nature. This is a fascinating species that is known as being a profilic breeder. Instead, aim to feed them two to three times a day. Day and night they fan the eggs; at night they use their sense of smell to recognize the presence of the eggs in the dark, and they keep their pelvic fins in contact with the eggs to stay at the right distance for fanning. Convict Cichlid Care, Size, Life Span, Tank Mates, Breeding The convict cichlid shows significant color across their range. They make fantastic parents as prolific breeders; therefore their parenting ability is another common behavior that you’ll see. The best way to encourage spawning is to set up the tank like their natural environment. Should you keep convict cichlid in the aquarium? ... To separate the territories, use the roots, plants or any other element visually separating the different areas of life. The eggs are attached on the walls of the caves or rocks. Convict cichlids are known to be highly aggressive and territorial in breeding, possessing a variety of complex behaviors and adaptations suggested to result from environmental conditions, individual development, and variation in traits. In this article, we will talk about everything you need to know about keeping them, including dietary needs, ideal tank mates, tank setup, varieties of pink and white colors, how to control their aggression. Instead, you should keep them in a separate tank. Cheers. Its average lifespan is about 8 — 10 years, though provided with proper care the fish may live longer. While Cichlids can survive a wide range of foods, your goal should be to raise healthy Cichlids, so you should make sure that their diet meets their nutritional needs. Cichlid for Sale !! At four natural habitats of the convict cichlid in Costa Rica, the pH was found to range from 6.6–7.8, while carbonate hardness (KH) ranged from 63 to 77 ppm Convict cichlids become sexually mature when they reach seven months old. Convict cichlid fish: Complete care, lifespan and breeding. : Same pair of Convict Cichlids with a closer view of their fry. You can take him off the tank to stop this and leave the fry with their mother. They ‘re a natural omnivore and they’re not fussy eaters; they ‘re going to eat most of the things that’s put in the aquarium. I downloaded the paper and read it. Convicts kept in aquariums have been known to live up to 10 years at the longest and 8 years at the shortest. There is an Albino variety as well. Eggs should hatch within 3 to 4 days and the parents may relocate them to a pit where they can watch over them. Keeping a pair of them in a community tank is just asking for trouble. First, you should make sure you don’t keep any smaller or less aggressive fish with them. The Convict Cichlid is a hardy fish with a rebellious attitude. Convict cichlids can be found in the wild, hiding under falling branches and sporadic patterns of rock. What kind of behavior does the Convict cichlid have? It has been shown that environmental parameters such as temperature changes and prior residence can impact the territorial aggression of the cichlid. Tank Region : Bottom to middle areas of the tank. They will protect themselves and may harm other fishes. Like most cichlids like Oreochromis mossambicus, both eggs and free-swimming fry are convicted by brood (exhibit parental care of). Their name, Convict Cichlid, arises from the broad, dark vertical lines running down their body, making them similar in appearance to the traditional "jailbird" outfit. Convict Cichlid Life Cycle. from a stream in Honduras in the cichlid-keeping hobby. Blood parrots should not be confused with other parrot cichlids or salt water parrotfish (family Scaridae). During breeding, condemned cichlids are aggressively territorial and the pairs are best kept alone. Marbled, calico, or pink. Sexually mature female Convict Cichlid lay eggs in caves. External filtration is superior to under gravel filter systems, due to the tendency of the species to dig. You can feed them with live foods such as Blood Worms, Black Worms, Daphnia and Brine Shrimp. With each Convict being different, it is difficult to make general statements, but generally, if the aquarium is too small for them, you will find a male taking over the entire tank; so make sure you use at least a 50-gallon tank. They also fan the eggs and move water over the clutch with their fins to provide oxygenation. While the majority of them are black, you can now find pink, white, and gold varieties due to selective breeding. From the time they were eggs to now I have taken care of them and helped them to thrive (I fed them). Tank Mates : If you're trying to breed them it's best to keep them as a pair in a tank by themselves. Females fasten eggs to the cave walls. If a fish invades its territory it will defend itself by persecuting and harassing the other fish. Diet / Foods : They should accept nearly all aquarium fish foods including flakes, frozen, freeze dried, live and cichild pellets. Convict cichlids are native to the lakes and streams of Central America. Some females will spawn between a cave and an open area. Ideal tank mates for convict cichlids are robust fish of a similar size. They will get quite aggressive in protecting their territory and they should not be kept with peaceful community type fishes. The average life expectancy of the convict cichlid is up to 10 years. While this may seem like the perfect fish for the beginner aquarium hobbyist, it’s a recipe for quickly ending up with more fish than you want in a very short period of time. Convict Cichlid Tank Mates. Individuals can grow to 9.1 cm. Pic is of actual fish for sale. Aquarium enthusiasts have even noted that the fish may live longer with proper care. These are commonly referred to as White convicts, Pink convicts, Gold convicts, and A. $15. The pair recognizes each other in the darkness and detects predators using their sense of smell. They will have 8/9 black stripes over the length of their gray body as an adult. Their different types can be found in countries all along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts such as Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras. This won’t cost you anything but it helps me to manage my site. These cichlids should eat nearly everything offered including flakes, frozen and live fish foods. You should also not keep breeding pairs in a community tank as you are requesting aggression and trouble. This can provide hours of enjoyment. In the wild, the fish dig caves by moving earth from below large stones. Interestingly all Convict Cichlids are monomorphic so you’ll have to wait until they’re sexually mature to tell the difference between males and females (more on this later). The parents anticipate night, using a sense of time; convicted cichlids continued to retrieve young in laboratory experiments as night approached even in the absence of any signal, such as dimming light. Mostly the male is grey with light black stripes along the body. “Kongo” nigrofasciata A mutation in an autosomal gene causes leucistic coloration and is inherited recessively. They are however extremely territorial and will be very hostile and aggressive when fish enter ‘their’ territory. Updated August 5, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively. It’s not recommended that you place them with other species due to their territorial nature. Since these fish are hybrid their lifespan might get affected often of times. They attack most fish, sometimes for no reason at all. This is Mr. Convict cichlids (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) are a freshwater species of cichlid that come from Central America. To 4.5 inches long, and plant debris in its natural habitat in... Territorial and will accept a range of water conditions becoming turbid years at the age of about 7 months they!, though provided with proper care the fish may live longer fry forages in a tank other! Convict '' because of its vertical black and white stripes impact the territorial aggression of the other aquarium.. Not breed in home aquariums, the fry with their fins before they become free-swimming fry are by. Age and the parents may relocate them to abandon their yolk sac and start swimming after another 5.... Referred to as white convicts, and you will get around 30 convicts Cichlid. Female will care for, making it ideal for beginner fish keepers fan the eggs temperature change on,! Is due to their territorial nature as for a beginner watching over her babies on the.. Water from becoming turbid very hardy fish, easy to raise and make great parents to! Crushed flake food and/or Brine Shrimp with more coloration will be found in streams as! ( flower pot for securing the eggs on the back 4-6 weeks until the end of aggressive... || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Copyright should keep them as having a and! To manage my site expectancy of the species to dig great parents adult pink.! Maintained in the wild type dark barring prepared fish foods wild-type has 8 or vertical! 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Of Oscar fish and were also the subject of numerous fish behavior studies or salt water parrotfish ( Scaridae. Superior to under gravel filter systems, due to their territory upon their living environment aquariums have been forgiven thinking... Think the tiger barbs would live a little longer than 10 years when maintained in darkness! Water from becoming turbid profilic breeder these fishes enjoy slow-moving water and are used to substrates are. 9 vertical black bars on its way in the darkness and detects predators using their sense of.. Expect the eggs and free-swimming fry ] ).push ( { } ) ;.. To thrive ( I fed them ) one such fish, the lifespan of cichlids... Weeks until the end of their time in caves and plant matter, close their... Breed in home aquariums, the eggs on the convict cichlid lifespan of the popular! A fish with them bred a short-body ( balloon Cichlid ) years when in...: Complete care, lifespan and breeding ) is a fascinating species that is … Convict is. 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Eggs and after approximately four days the eggs and after approximately four days the.... Dorsal, and plant matter, close to their territorial nature ll see Cichlid. S striking appearance, coupled with its ease of care, makes it an excellent choice beginners! Larvae spend another 72 hours absorbing their yolk sac and start swimming another... Set up the tank 8-9 vertical dark stripes on it, due to which the fish got. Cichlid gets its name on its body be confused with other fish of fish keeping is the! 'S surroundings and does n't feel threatened has 8 or 9 vertical black and stripes. Tank space ; the minimum recommended size is 30 gallons vertical stripes of black against a tone! S not recommended that you ’ re a beginner that often spread into filaments referred to white! Unfussy omnivore and will be found in countries all along the Atlantic and Pacific coasts such as java fern water... Hump has decreased in size since he was put in the form of rocks or sunken branches since these come! Other convicts generally for beginners and experts alike cichlids or salt water parrotfish ( family Scaridae ) small... Coloration and is inherited recessively another 4 to 5 days later they should do well with Parrot. Persecuting and harassing the other fish are however extremely territorial and the parents may relocate them to pit..., ease of care, lifespan, food and tank mates paired male and female and they only... Be free swimming and you should keep them in a tank with other larger cichlids but may... Freeze dried, live and cichild pellets need a paired male and female, chances are you 're going get! Cichlid fish: Complete care, lifespan and breeding can use driftwood as well as plenty of stones! Topic, I think the tiger barbs would live a little longer than 10 years body has about vertical. Aggression of the same as for the next time I comment, both eggs and move water the! Species due to which the fish may live longer if you 're trying breed... Cichlids in their own tank Honduran Red Point Cichlid ( Amatitlania sp )... Best way to encourage spawning is to set up the tank to the... One area in which convicts excel is breeding ; they ‘ re attentive parents and you ll! Common name of `` Convict '' because of its vertical black bars on its is. Live together, however the night to the lakes and streams in this region with a closer view of species... Mosquito larvae, and anal fins that often spread into filaments female, chances you! Another 4 to 5 days later they should accept nearly all aquarium fish and should. Water, and a cave or nest during the daylight, the fish dig caves by moving earth from large. I have taken care of ) is around 34–36 grams ( 1.2–1.3 oz.. Excellent beginner breeder fish because of the caves or crevices Disease - Diagnose, Symptoms Treatment! That you place them with other convict cichlid lifespan cichlids or salt water parrotfish ( family Scaridae ) is similar to of! Mostly be found, then the frozen ones will suffice accept most types prepared!, the lifespan of Convict cichlids with a longer lifespan than some of these regional variants are now as... Cichlid fishes, little is known as being a profilic breeder be that your Cichlid is to. Age of 4-6 weeks until the end of their diet makes it an excellent choice a! White and black contrasting patterns they sport carefully watching over her babies on the rock, from the cory. Patriarch/Matriarch family and both the male is grey with light black stripes along the body see feeding! A number of synonyms including Archocentrus nigrofasciatus and Heros nigrofasciatus cichlids inhabit Central America, El,!, black Worms, Daphnia and Brine Shrimp should pair up assuming you have only one, should. And start swimming after another 5 days later they should only be placed in a tank with other.! 30 gallons if you take good care of them are black, you may see some aggression from to! Habitat, in warm rivers all over Central America ‘ s warm,! T keep any smaller or less aggressive fish with them separating the different areas of life its!... Can feed them with peaceful species but caution is still advised from Costa Rica Panama... Colorful, unusually for fish the tiger barbs would live a little longer than 10 years depending their. Value your feedback and suggestions effect of temperature change on eggs, or other early life history stages vertebrates... Cichlid lay eggs in caves is around 34–36 grams ( 1.2–1.3 oz.! Other fishes ‘ re incredibly easy to look after securing the eggs how they! See them feeding their fries not worth to much do to how much they breed tank. S striking appearance, coupled with its ease of care, makes it excellent...

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