The 46th Infantry Division was a formation of the Michigan Army National Guard active between 1947 and 1968. [13], The following officers commanded the division at various times:[14], For the similarly numbered formation in the, Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment), 1/4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers), North Midland (Staffordshire) Heavy Battery, "2 AA Division 1936–38 at British Military History", The British Army in the Great War (The Long, Long Trail), Multi-National Division (South-West) (Bosnia), Multi-National Division (South-East) (Iraq), British deception formations in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=46th_(North_Midland)_Division&oldid=996998580, Infantry divisions of the British Army in World War I, Military units and formations established in 1908, 1908 establishments in the United Kingdom, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1/6th Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment, 1/6th Battalion, Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment), 138th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps, 1/3rd (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers), 139th Machine Gun Company, Machine Gun Corps, 46th Divisional Trench Mortar Brigade, RFA, North Midland Divisional Ammunition Column, RFA. He recorded in his dairy that he found the division "in a lamentably backward state of training, barely fit to do platoon training and deficient of officers. These two brigades were assigned to defend the La Bassée Canal between Aire and Carvin, a front of 28 mi (45 km), on the flank of Macforce. [66] Meanwhile, on 6 January, the 128th Brigade departed from Gourock, Scotland, and the 138th Brigade departed from Liverpool. The 46th (North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in the First World War. 5/46th Infantry Inactivated 22 May 1971 at Fort Lewis, Washington. Originally called the North Midland Division, it was redesignated as the 46th Division in May 1915. [25] By December, the division was based in Yorkshire. The Staffordshire Brigade was composed of battalions of the South Staffordshire Regiment and the Prince of Wales's (North Staffordshire Regiment). On formation, the TF contained 14 infantry divisions and 14 mounted yeomanry brigades. The 46th Infantry Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Army formation during the Second World War; it was the duplicate of the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division.The 46th Infantry Division was part of the British Expeditionary Force sent to France in 1940. It was converted to the Reorganization Objective Army Division (ROAD) structure in … The 2/4KOYLI, the 2/6DWR, and the 2/7DWR had become separated from the division during the move from Rennes. It remained there into 1941 and then participated in the invasion of Yugoslavia in April. The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece. 1st North Midland Mobile Veterinary Section, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 15:17. History. [8][b] The plan was for existing TA divisions, referred to as the first-line, to recruit over their establishments. [18][19] The 137th Brigade had been created as the second-line duplicate of the 147th Infantry Brigade, and comprised the 2/5th Battalion, West Yorkshire Regiment; the 2/6th Battalion, Duke of Wellington's Regiment (2/6DWR); and the 2/7DWR. The 46th Infantry Division was a division of the German army from 1938 until 1945. During World War II, the 46th Infantry Regiment was assigned to the 5th Armored Division. He reluctantly caved to the political pressure to release the divisions, having been assured by General Sir John Gort (commander of the BEF) that the troops would not be used as frontline combat formations. (46th Infantry assigned 5 July 1918 to the 9th Division; relieved 15 February 1919 from assignment to the 9th Division) Inactivated 16 November 1921 at Camp Travis, Texas; Demobilized 31 July 1922; Reconstituted 28 August 1941 in the Regular Army as Company A, 46th Infantry (Armored), an element of the 5th Armored Division [68][69] The Axis offensive expanded, with the Battle of Kasserine Pass. As part of the 12th Brigade of the 4th Australian Division, the 46th Battalion arrived in France on 8 June 1916, destined for the Western Front. [73] Starting 27 March, the division launched counterattacks to regain the Sedjenane valley. The North Midland Division was a formation of the Territorial Force. On 21 April, Axis forces launched a minor spoiling attack that was repelled, before the division attacked. It was formed in the latter part of 1938, and was constituted of recruits from the Sudetenland. [12] Most of the remainder of 46th Division's units were sent to other divisions, mainly the 49th (West Riding). 5/46th Infantry relieved 15 February 1969 from assignment to 198th Infantry Brigade and assigned to 23d Infantry Division. Further back and forth fighting followed as the division was called upon to clear additional Axis positions. The 46th Infantry Division was a formation of the Michigan Army National Guard active between 1947 and 1968. North Midland Divisional Ambulance Workshop. [21] The 139th Infantry Brigade was the second-line duplicate of the 148th Infantry Brigade, and on formation comprised the 2/5th Battalion, Leicestershire Regiment (2/5LR); the 2/5th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters; and the 9th Battalion, Sherwood Foresters. Later in the year, the division moved to Dumfries where the remainder of 1940 was spent training. On 7 April 1945, the division started its move back to Italy. [57][65] The division remained in the United Kingdom until the end of 1942, assembling at Aldershot in December. In July, Super Gymnast was revived as Operation Torch, Sledgehammer had been cancelled, and the assault on France had been postponed. These tasks lasted until December 1939, when the division was assigned to anti-invasion duties. 110 relations. [41] The 46th Division departed Southampton on 28 April, and arrived at Cherbourg the following day. During these attacks, the division took temporary command of the 1st Parachute and the 38th (Irish) Brigades. Many of its units had previously been part of the 32nd Infantry Division. The brigades arrived in Algeria on 17 January. [84] The author Ian Mitchell wrote the division was ordered, on 26 May, "to provide 'static picquets' along the route the Cossacks were to travel." "[23], The TA's war deployment plan envisioned the divisions being deployed, as equipment became available, to reinforce the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) already dispatched to Europe. While the 138th moved across land, the 128th Brigade re-boarded ships and were transported further down the Algerian coast to Bône. [51] During the day, the division withdraw into Dunkirk were they were subsequently evacuated via the mole or from the beaches. The division had the following GOCs during the Second World War: 137th Infantry Brigade (until 19 July 1942)[20], 128th Infantry Brigade (from 15 August 1942)[63]. The units would then form a new division that was referred to as the second-line from cadres. The 137th Brigade was sent to aid in the unloading of supplies at Saint-Nazaire and Nantes, as well as aiding in the construction of railway sidings in that area. [85], In 1947, the division was disbanded as part of the demobilisation of the British army. The 46th Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in the First World War. [43] While these forces attempted to stem the tide of the German advance, the main German assault pushed through the Ardennes Forest and crossed the River Meuse. [14][23] The division's battalions were largely drawn from the English North Midlands. Op zoek naar objectieve informatie of actualiteiten over WOII? Company D 5th Infantry Battalion, 46th Infantry "The Professionals" 198th Infantry Brigade Americal Division (23d Inf Div) Vietnam 1968 - 1971 In response, the 2/5LR, along with anti-tank guns and artillery pieces from the 139th Brigade, were moved 150 miles (240 km) south to Thala to bolster Allied positions. [18][g] In June, Major-General Miles Dempsey replaced Wimberley. [4] During late 1937 and 1938, German demands for the annexation of the Sudetenland in Czechoslovakia led to an international crisis. [82][83] Elements of the division moved further, the 16DLI entered the Austrian capital of Vienna. It was reformed as the Territorial Army in 1920 as was the 46th Division. Availability: in stock. [17][52] In Kent, the division established a 'Battle School', and spent the remaining part of 1941 and the majority of 1942 training and undertaking exercises. "[52] On 27 July, Lieutenant-General Alan Brooke, the Commander-in-Chief, Home Forces, visited the division. This was followed by the engineer, signal, and other support units being brought up to full strength. During the invasion of the Soviet Union, it was attached to Army Group South and marched through the Ukraine and into the Crimea. [57] This brigade was composed of the 1/4th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment (1/4HR), the 2/4HR, and the 5HR. [45] As the German threat developed, Gort created an ad hoc force known as Macforce to protect the BEF's right rear flank and lines of communication, and deny the River Scarpe to the Germans. The 46th Infantry Division was a formation of the Michigan Army National Guard active between 1947 and 1968. These battalions retreated across France, with the 2/4KOYLI being heavily engaged in the defence of bridges crossing the Seine at Pont-de-l'Arche. It fought in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and the following year was engaged in fighting in France. It was initially headquartered at Lansing.Many of its units had previously been part of the 32nd Infantry Division.It was converted to the Reorganization Objective Army Division (ROAD) structure in March 1963. Each division would leave their heavy equipment and most of their logistical, administrative, and support units behind. There, the division took command of the 25th Infantry Brigade and other assets assigned by Gort and were dubbed Polforce (after the town of St Pol where the units were waiting). [6], It was later involved in the Battle of the Somme in July 1916, where in the opening phase as part of VII Corps, the southernmost corps of the British Third Army, the Division took part in the diversionary attack at Gommecourt on the first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, which was a catastrophic failure resulting in heavy losses. The resulting fighting was a success for the brigade, who took 150 prisoners, but the overall attack failed to trap Axis forces. [52] On 22 May, Major-General Douglas Wimberley briefly took command of the division. [76][77] The division was next tasked with capturing hills northeast of Bou Arada, yo open the way for an armoured advance towards Tunis. [78], From there on the 46th Division, from August under the command of Major-General John Hawkesworth, fought throughout the Italian Campaign in late 1943 with both the U.S. Fifth Army and the Eighth Army, fighting in tough battles such as that at the initial Salerno landings in September 1943, followed by fighting at the Volturno Line, the Winter Line, the Bernhardt Line, First Battle of Monte Cassino and later the Gothic Line. [25], On 10 May 1940, the Phoney War—the period of inactivity on the Western Front since the start of the conflict—came to an end as the German military invaded Belgium and the Netherlands. Fighting raged until 3 March, by which time the brigade had halted the German effort to capture Béja and destroyed at least 11 tanks. During the following two weeks, the brigade launched local counterattacks and engaged in further back and forth fighting in isolated company and battalion actions. NDNG 46th Infantry Division T-shirt + HAT Combo Set: Amazon.nl Selecteer uw cookievoorkeuren We gebruiken cookies en vergelijkbare tools om uw winkelervaring te verbeteren, onze services aan te bieden, te begrijpen hoe klanten onze services gebruiken zodat we verbeteringen kunnen aanbrengen, en om advertenties weer te geven. [20] The 138th Brigade was raised as the duplicate of the 146th Infantry Brigade, and consisted of the 6th Battalion, Lincolnshire Regiment; the 2/4th Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (2/4KOYLI); and the 6th Battalion, York and Lancaster Regiment. The colors gold and blue, taken from the wreath of the Michigan State Crest, signify the original exploration and settlement of the state of Michigan by the French. [8], During the war, the composition of the division was as follows:[1][9][10][11], The 46th (North Midland) Division memorial on the road between Vermelles and Hulluch, The memorial honouring the casualties of the 46th Division at the Hohenzollern Redoubt, 46th Division Memorial near Bellenglise (Hindenburg Line), The Territorial Force was disbanded after the war. [47][48] This duty was impeded by the stream of refugees moving through the area. [13] Despite the intention for the army to grow, the programme was complicated by a lack of central guidance on the expansion and duplication process, and issues regarding the lack of facilities, equipment and instructors. The following day, the Germans attacked towards Hunt's Gap where the reinforced 128th Brigade (including the Churchill tank equipped North Irish Horse) was concentrated. These positions were occupied on 20 May. [79], In late December/early 1945, the division, now commanded by Major-General Stephen Weir, a New Zealand Army officer, was sent to re-occupy Greece, where they came under command of Lieutenant-General Ronald Scobie's III Corps. This offensive started with the Battle of Sidi Bou Zid, aimed at largely American positions. The men expected to be assigned to rear-area duties, such as clearing supply lines of refugees. The North Midland Brigade was split into two, one, the Lincoln and Leicester Brigade, composed of battalions of the Lincolnshire and Leicestershire Regiments, the other, the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Brigade, comprising the four TF battalions of the Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment (later the Sherwood Foresters). [67], On 10 January, the 139th Infantry Brigade launched a minor attack upon Italian positions, but further efforts were postponed by an Axis offensive. Over the next two days, in heavy fighting, the division took its objectives. [52][57] On 14 December, Major-General Charles Edward Hudson replaced Anderson as GOC; Hudson was a distinguished First World War veteran and a recipient of the Victoria Cross (VC), and who had previously commanded the 2nd Infantry Brigade during the fighting in France. [71][72] At the same time, on 26 February, Axis forces advanced into the Sedjenane valley, held by the 139th Brigade, initiating the Battle of Sedjenane. They arrived the next day and were assigned to Macforce, and ordered to take up defensive positions on the River Scarpe. [citation needed] Six days later, the war in Europe ended. [46][f], On 15 May, the 138th and 139th Brigades boarded trains and moved from the Rennes area. During this period, the division was also brought up to full strength. [58][59] In January 1941, the division left Scotland and travelled to Cambridgeshire, and was assigned to II Corps on 6 January. [35], General Edmund Ironside, Chief of the Imperial General Staff, was opposed to such a use of these divisions. They, alongside the 138th Brigade, retook all territory that had been lost by 1 April, as well around 1,000 prisoners. During the fighting in Italy the 46th Division suffered over 9,200 casualties, including 1,447 officers and men killed in action, with a further 6,476 wounded and 1,957 missing. [44] The division was ordered to concentrate on the Belgian border, to act as a reserve to the BEF. Item# 9331. This force was commanded by Major-General, Hudson was demoted, on the grounds of being unfit for the role. [6] On 15 March 1939, Germany breached the terms of the agreement by invading and occupying the remnants of Czechoslovakia. During the Vietnam War, the 1st Battalion, 46th Infantry a… [84] The historian and writer Giles MacDonogh wrote that the division, along with the 78th, were engaged in "some ugly scenes" once the Cossacks and their families realised what was happening; "Tommies used rifles, bayonets and pickaxe handles to convince them to board the lorries that would take them to the frontier." After a 24-hour battle, which included three German tanks being disabled, the battalion was reduced to 120 men and forced back. The convoy arrived in Algiers, French Algeria, on 3 January 1943, and was followed by a 500 miles (800 km) road and rail journey to the frontline near Sedjenane, French Tunisia. Montagu-Stuart-Wortley. However, the 46th Division was disbanded in 1936, the headquarters was converted into 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division and several of its infantry battalions into AA units. [36][e] The 46th Division was deployed to Brittany. [52][53] In late July, the division relocated to Scotland, and was placed under the authority of Scottish Command. The 46th was assigned to the 9th Division just at the end of the war. Infanterie-Division ) was an infantry division of the German Army during World War II that fought on the Eastern Front. Many of its units had been part of the 32nd Infantry Division, it was converted to the Reorganization Objective Army Division structure in March 1963. The 46th Infantry Division was to be created as a second-line formation, a duplicate of the first-line 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division. If that was not possible, the division was to cordon off and immobilise any German invasion effort, until relieved by forces capable of launching a major counter-attack to defeat the Germans. It fought in the invasion of Poland in 1939, and the following year participated in the Battle of France. [52][54][55] The divisional history recorded "within little more than a month of Dunkirk", the division "was better equipped than it had ever been in the dark days in France. [5] Chamberlain had intended the agreement to lead to a further peaceful resolution of differences but relations between the countries soon deteriorated. [25][c] Divisions assigned to this role, were tasked with launching an immediate attack on German parachutists. The division was assigned to the province of Styria, arriving in July following the withdrawal of Soviet forces. [68][70] To the north, patrols from the 5HR (128th Infantry Brigade) clashed with their German counterparts near Sidi Nsir. The division took control of the 137th, the 138th, and the 139th Infantry Brigades, in addition to supporting divisional units, which had previously been administered by the 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division. [86] The TA was reformed that year, on a much smaller scale of eight divisions, which did not include the 46th Infantry Division.[87][j]. The 45th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the United States Army, part of the Oklahoma Army National Guard, from 1920 to 1968.Headquartered mostly in Oklahoma City, the guardsmen fought in both World War II and the Korean War.. [45][48] Meanwhile, with the BEF surrounded and the military situation in Flanders having deteriorated, the decision was made to evacuate the BEF from Dunkirk, the only remaining port in British hands. During the month, the division was inspected by George VI, who the divisional history recorded "wished us all "Good Luck, a victorious campaign and a safe return home". Landing at Normandyin 1944, the 46th Infantry led the 5th Armored Division in five campaigns earning the nickname “Victory’s Spearpoint”. The division then moved into Austria as part of the Allied occupation force. At the outbreak of the war, the 46th Division was commanded by Major-General Hon. In December 1941 it was engaged in heavy fighting in the Kerch Peninsula in December when t… [1], The Territorial Force (TF) was formed on 1 April 1908 following the enactment of the Territorial and Reserve Forces Act 1907 (7 Edw.7, c.9) which combined and re-organised the old Volunteer Force, the Honourable Artillery Company and the Yeomanry. It was assigned as a labour and training unit, but ended up fighting in the retreat to Dunkirk and the evacuation to Britain. [81] On 2 May, Axis forces in Italy surrendered. [45] The water obstacles posed the only natural barrier between the advancing German armour forces, and the rear of the BEF and potential catastrophic defeat. [45], After returning to the United Kingdom, the division moved to Manchester to start the rebuilding process. Macforce, the division was assigned to 23d Infantry division was formed in the invasion of the division was reserve. 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